Some horsemen on rearing horses can be associated with the milestones in general history or in the history of arts.
Table Of Contents
Painting Styles↑ Back To Table Of Contents ↑
Painting Techniques↑ Back To Table Of Contents ↑
1420s- 1430s, Florence: Discovery of the mathematics of linear perspective↑ Back To Table Of Contents ↑
Perspective was fascinating many great minds of the time. Paolo Uccello was particularly passionate about it. He would “stand the whole night through beside his writing desk seeking new terms for the expression of his rules of perspective.” When his missus asked him to come to bed Paolo would often decline, saying he had plans with “my sweet mistress perspective.”
Later, in the 1470s-1480s, Piero della Francesca has written De Prospectiva pingendi (On the Perspective of painting), the earliest and only pre-1500 Renaissance treatise solely devoted to the subject of perspective.
15th century, Netherlands: widespread adoption of oil paints↑ Back To Table Of Contents ↑
The beginnings of oil painting are recorded as early as the twelfth century in Northern Europe. But it was the virtuoso handling of the medium on panel by early Netherlandish painters such as Jan van Eyck and Rogier van der Weyden that represented a turning point in its eventual adoption as the major painting medium in Europe in the sixteenth century. By then, Jan van Eyck had been incorrectly credited with the “invention” of oil painting.
In Italy, Leonardo da Vinci was among the first adopters of oil paints.
Mid-16th century, Venice: adoption of canvas as painting support↑ Back To Table Of Contents ↑
The use of canvas as a support for oil paints allowed for easier transport of larger compositions, canvas is far lighter than oak panels, also a painting executed on canvas can be rolled up and transported more easily than wooden panels. Canvas became prominent in the Italian Renaissance and it was widely used, particularly in Venice.
Venice was a wealthy trading port and, in the many workshops within the city, produced sails made from linen and other fabrics. In fine art, linen is still considered to be the finest support for oil painting. Later examples of oil paintings from the Venetian painters include works by Paolo Veronese and Titian.
Funeral Monuments With Horsemen On Rearing Horses↑ Back To Table Of Contents ↑
Funeral monuments, big or small, were very important to people throughout history.
Cinerary Urns↑ Back To Table Of Contents ↑
Gravestones↑ Back To Table Of Contents ↑
Sarcophagi↑ Back To Table Of Contents ↑
Mausoleums↑ Back To Table Of Contents ↑
There were a few large scale funeral monuments: mausoleums, temple tombs and a necropolis that featured horsemen on rearing horses.
History↑ Back To Table Of Contents ↑
333 BC: Establishment of Alexander the Great’s empire and beginning of the end of Persian empire↑ Back To Table Of Contents ↑
323 BC: Death of Alexander the Great and beginning of the Hellenistic era↑ Back To Table Of Contents ↑
31 BC: Beginning of the Roman Imperial era↑ Back To Table Of Contents ↑
312 and 1520: Beginning of the Christian era of the Roman empire and transition from renaissance to mannerism↑ Back To Table Of Contents ↑
Some historians view 1520, the date of the death of Raphael, as the end of Renaissance and beginning of a new art style, Mannerism, also known as Late Renaissance. Raphael is viewed as zenith of High Renaissance, and it was his head assistant, Giulio Romano, along with Parmigianino who launched Mannerism! Thus, the fresco below can be viewed as a turning point of art: it was designed by the youngest of prominent High Renaissance artists, Raphael, and completed by a pioneer of Mannerism, Giulio Romano.
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